Miller, Somers, Wilson, Wynn Family Trees
Isobel McLEAN
Captain Jean Baptiste Louis DeCourtel MARCHAND
(Abt 1690-1722)
Sehoy I
Lachlan Liath McGILLIVRAY

Alexander McGILLIVRAY Sr.


Family Links

1. Elise MONIAC

Alexander McGILLIVRAY Sr.

  • Born: 15 Dec 1750, Montgomery County, Alabama
  • Marriage (1): Elise MONIAC
  • Died: 17 Feb 1793, Pensacola, Escambia County, Florida at age 42
  • Buried: Choctaw Bluff, Clarke County, Alabama

bullet   Other names for Alexander were Hoboi-Hili-Miko (Good Child King), King of the Creeks and Colonel Alexander McGILLIVRAY.


bullet  General Notes:

Alexander McGillivray
, also known as Hoboi-Hili-Miko, was born in the Coushatta village of Little Tallassee (also known as Little Tallase, Little Talisi and Little Tulsa) on the Coosa River, near present-day Montgomery, Alabama, in 1750. He was an Indian Chief of the prestigious Wind Clan (Hutalgalgi), the highest ranking tribe of the Muscogee (Creek) Nation.

He was the grandson Captain Jean Baptiste Louis DeCourtel Marchand, French commander of Fort Toulouse in Alabama; and Sehoy I, Indian princess of the prestigious Wind Clan (Hutalgalgi), the highest ranking tribe of the Muscogee (Creek) Nation.

His father was Lachlan McGillivray (of the Clan MacGillivray Chiefs Lineage, part of the Clan Chattan Confederation of the Scottish Highland) who migrated to the Colonies and became a wealthy fur trader and planter in Georgia.

His uncle was Red Shoes (Muskogean Chief), Indian Chief of the Wind Clan (Hutalgalgi) of the Muscogee (Creek) Nation.

Two of his maternal nephews, William "Red Eagle" Weatherford and William "White Warrior" McIntosh, who were also born into the powerful Creek Wind Clan ("Hutalgalgi"), became the most important Muscogee leaders in the early 19th century, and fought on opposing sides of the Creek War (1813-1814).

Alexander McGillivray, Sr. became a principal chief of the Upper Creek (Muscogee) towns from 1782. Before that he had created an alliance between the Creek and the British during the American Revolution. He worked to establish a Creek national identity and centralized leadership as a means of resisting European-American expansion onto Creek territory.

Alexander was a loyalist to the British. During the American Revolution, he was commissioned as a colonel in the British army. He brokered a British-Muscogee alliance. Although a skillful diplomat, he was an inept military strategist and rarely participated in battle. He was involved in the Chickamauga Wars (1776-1794).

In 1792 he was the superintendent-general of the Creek nation on behalf of Spain, the Indian agent of the United States, the mercantile partner of Panton, and "emperor" of the Creek and Seminole nations.

Alexander McGillivray's sister had his body reinterred at Choctaw Bluff where he had earlier had his plantation in Clarke County, Alabama, above the Alabama River.

bullet  Research Notes:

-- Biography (
-- Biography (
-- Biography (
-- Biography (
-- Biography (
-- Biography (
-- Biography of Lachlan McGillivray (
-- Clan MacGillivray (
-- Clan Chattan Confederation (
-- Biography of Sehoy lI McGillivray (Marchand) (
-- Muscogee Creek Nation (
-- Cherokee American Wars (


Alexander married Elise MONIAC, daughter of William Dixon MONIAC and Polly COLBERT.

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